university of technology sydney

Understanding The Basic Structure Of An Informative Essay: 4 Useful Tips

There are a number of different types of papers. A few types are persuasive, narrative, expository, analytical and argumentative. There is one more type, and that is an informative paper. There are many key things to know about the basic structure of an informative essay, but let’s first understand the other types of essays.


This is a just like what it sounds. It is where the writer attempts to convince the reader to view an issue the same way the writer does. This type of paper would include a definite point of view, what does the writer have to say about the issue presented. It must sound reasonable and have solid evidence. It’s not too opinionated or emotional because it would turn into an argumentative paper (this is my position, and it is the only right way to see things). The goal is to convince that your position is the right one not state it.

Narrative, Expository and Argumentative

These types of papers do not need any explaining. The narrative is when the writer uses a story to drive home their point. Expository is when the writer explains some idea or issue. Argumentative is when the writer uses evidence to state a claim and support it.


This type of paper is when a reader/writer analyzes, examines and interprets a text or work (play or art piece). This more like your everyday English assignment when dealing with books and poems.


What is it? The first six letters says it all, inform. It is a paper used to inform people of a certain topic. The catch is that the writer’s opinion or preferences are not included; only the facts. Four useful tips to understand this type of paper’s structure is:

  • Intro
  • At the beginning of your paper ensure that you include a thesis and the main topic. The topic must be something you can explain more in-depth about.

  • Body
  • In the middle of your paper (body), you must answer the five W’s & H. Who? What? Where? When? Why? & How? To completely inform your reader of the topic you’ve chose.

  • Conclusion
  • At the end of your paper, you are to summarize all the points you made in your paper to ensure that your reader walks away well informed of the topic you explained.

  • Edit Paper
  • Ensure that there are no opinions included in your paper. If your article includes words like “I believe…” or “I think…” then your paper is opinionated because it’s what you think. Understand that there is no ‘I’ in ‘Facts.' Also, ensure spelling and grammar are correct.

All papers have a beginning, middle and end. When it comes to informative essays, though, you have to ensure you are giving the right information at the right points of the paper. Remember the five W’s and H when thinking about informative.