university of technology sydney

21st Century Science


Science is dynamic and progressive. Scientists engage in continuous research to find new ways and technologies of improving lives. Scientific research does not only explain phenomena but also transform societies. Science is an integral part of human life. Hence, advances in science and technology will either destroy or improve human life. In previous centuries, scientific discoveries transformed communication, business, production, agriculture, and infrastructural systems. At the start of the 21st century, scientists predicted further discoveries and improvements in technologies. They predicted that cultural settings and religious beliefs that previously opposed scientific logic and technologies would change to accommodate science. Scientists predicted that all economic sectors including government and education would run on scientific developments in the 21st century. These predictions are already proving true as societies embrace new technologies in daily activities.

Scientific Advances in the 21st Century

One of the major scientific advances in this century is easy access, performance, and use of digital information. Digital information is readily accessible in many countries in video, audio, and text forms. Digital technologies have improved communication and access to services across the globe. Government institutions and businesses rely on digital technologies to advertise their goods and services. Digital technologies have improved governance, trade, education, and social interactions. Societies have become more dependent on computers, phones, systems and software. Biotechnology has improved in the 21st century and this has transformed agriculture, food processing, and human health. Scientists have used genetic information to develop new treatments and drugs to cure diseases. Advances in biotechnology have helped scientists discover new microorganisms and create stronger animal and plant breeds. Scientists have made significant progress in their attempts to modify human genetics in this century.

Risks Associated With 21st Century Scientific Advances

Some of the risks associated with scientific advances include the potential threat to human health and the environment. New technologies especially in genetic engineering are difficult to control and often lead to generation of new diseases. Criminals take advantage of genetic engineering to create weapons. The easy access to information poses risks to people’s privacy and confidential information. Digital technologies are associated with fraud and theft especially to unsuspecting users of digital devices. Digital interactions have affected social interactions, which are essential in human development. Face-to-face interactions have reduced with current forms of communication. Although religions have adopted some scientific technologies in their activities, scientists are likely to face hostility for some new technologies in the future. Human cloning, sex changes, and genetic modification continue to spur negative attitudes in religious circles.