Water Provision Methods In The Middle East
The Middle East is a semi-arid area. It is scorching in the region. The rainy periods are very short and hot. Most of the water evaporates very fast after the rain stops. The region also has a lot of salt water lakes. The people in the region face a common problem of fresh water. Though is oil in the area and it is very rich, the fresh water issue is still a thorn in the fresh. The major factor that contribute to the problem of fresh water shortage is the over population. The level at which the population is growing at will pause a significant threat to the water providing agents. This therefore calls for speedy actions to make sure that the people are provided for and have this very vital commodity. The agriculture sector is another threat to the fresh water supply. Most of the farmers use farm inputs that are poisonous and they end up contaminating the water in the rivers. Despite all these problems, the Middle East has devised some ways to make sure that they have enough fresh water for use. Most of the projects are underway and are believed to be a major relief to the situation when the projects get finished. Governments in the region should find ways to solve the problem of water pollution in the area.
Desalination of the salty sea water
The Middle East has embarked on the chemistry to separate salt from water. The salty water from the sea will be collected and subjected to some chemical processes. In the end, the salt will be removed and fresh water that is ready for use will be recovered. Israel has already begun constructing a plant for the desalination and was due completion in 2015. Once this project is completed, Israel is going to produce almost half of its needs of the fresh water. This will ease the stress that it is already facing of fresh water supply.
Surplus water control
The other projects that have been talked about include the use collection of fresh water during the rainy season. The water will then be stored in aquifers and underground tanks. This will avoid wastage during the rainy season and ensure some supply during the hot season. The water will then be distributed equally throughout the region. This will also solve the problem water supply injustices. Water will be provided through pressure pipes.